Acquired Brain Injury refers to a brain injury of any cause that occurs after birth. This includes traumatic brain injuries such as following a road traffic accident or a fall, and non-traumatic causes such as stroke, tumours and infection.
The effects of a brain injury can be wide ranging, varied in severity and may be temporary or long term.
The brain injury association, Headway, groups these potential effects into three groups:
- Physical effects such as fatigue, impaired mobility, weakness/paralysis and speech problems;
- Cognitive effects such as memory problems, impaired reasoning and reducing problem solving ability; and
- Emotional and behavioural effects such as personality changes, depression, anxiety and anger.
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